Mu`âdh b. Jabal relates that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said to him: “O Mu`âdh! Do you know what is Allah’s right over His servants and what their right is over Him?”
I said: “Allah and His Messenger know best.”
He said: “Allah’s right over His servants is that they worship Him without associating any partner with Him in worship, and their right over Him is that He does not punish anyone who worships Him without associating any partner with Him in worship.” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim]
The Prophet (peace be upon him) asked us: “Do you know who is bankrupt?”The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “The nest of you is the one who exhibits the best ethical conduct.” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim]
We replied: “The one among us who is bankrupt is someone who has neither gold nor silver nor any provision.”
The Prophet (peace be upon him) then said: “Among my people, the one who is bankrupt is the one who – after praying, fasting, and paying charity – arrives on the Day of Judgment having cursed one person and slandered another, assaulted another, and misappropriated the wealth of someone else. Then those people will be given of his good deeds, and if his good deeds run out before redress is made, then some of their sins will be taken from them and put upon him. Then he will be cast into Hell.”
O you who believe! Let not a folk deride a folk who may be better than they (are), nor let women (deride) women who may be better than they are; neither defame one another, nor insult one another by (offensive) nicknames. Bad is the name of lewdness after faith. And whoever does not turn in repentance, such are evil-doers.
O you who believe! Shun much suspicion; for lo! some suspicion is a crime. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you love to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would abhor it. And keep your duty (to Allah). Lo! Allah is relenting, merciful.
This hadîth shows that it is recommended for us to greet the mosque with two units of prayer. Muslims are unanimously agreed that it is Sunnah to do so. Al-Qâdî `Iyâd attributes to Dâwûd (al-Zâhirî) and his followers the opinion that it is obligatory.The hadîth about the Friday sermon that al-Nawawî refers to is as follows:
The hadîth certainly makes it clear that it is disliked to sit down in the mosque without first offering a prayer. This dislike is only to the level of disapproval. It is merely preferable to offer this prayer.
The hadîth shows that it is preferable to do so whatever time one enters the mosque. This is the ruling adopted by our (Shâfi`î) school of law as well as by a number of other scholars.
Abû Hanîfah and al-Awzâ`î, by contrast, disliked offering this prayer at times when prayer is generally forbidden. Our scholars disagree by saying that the prohibition at those times applies only to prayers that do not have a particular reason for offering them. We see that the Prophet (peace be upon him) made up after `Asr the two-unit Sunnah prayer for Zuhr that he had missed. This is a time when prayers are generally forbidden, so the Prophet’s action narrows down this prohibition to prayers that have no reason preceding them.
In fact, he never left out tahiyyah al-masjid under any circumstances. He even ordered a person to get up and pray who came in the mosque and sat down while he was delivering the Friday sermon. He told the man to get up and offer two units of prayer. This is in spite of the fact that it is forbidden to offer prayers while the sermon is going on – except, that is, for tahiyyah al-masjid.
If there had been any time that tahiyyah al-masjid would have been overlooked, it would have been at this time. The man had already sat down – and tahiyyah al-masjid is supposed to be performed before sitting down – but this man did not know the ruling. The Prophet (peace be upon him) interrupted his sermon to tell the man to get up and pray. If it were not a very important to offer this prayer at all times, the Prophet (peace be upon him) would not have shown so much concern about it.
It is not necessary for the person to have the express intention of offering tahiyyah a-masjid. Any two-unit Sunnah prayer or obligatory prayer will do.And Allah knows best.
It will not be enough – according to our school of thought – to offer a funeral prayer, a prostration of thanks, or prostration of recitation. Also, it will not be enough to offer a single unit of prayer, even with the intention of greeting the mosque with it. This is because the wording of the hadîth clearly states two units of prayer.
Is Speaking Out Contrary to the Dictates of Patience?Sometimes it is best for the aggrieved party to speak out against the person who wronged him. This is when it has the affect of prohibiting wrongdoing or preventing others from coming to harm. It is also best when it is hoped that the wrongdoer might change his ways and act properly in the future.