Joint Declaration on Syria
  • Wed, 02/08/2012
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Joint Declaration on Syria by 107 Muslim Scholars from throughout the Arab World

Violence, torture, and bloodshed are being meted out by Syria’s despotic regime and its supporters against this beloved country’s innocent people. It is a black stain that will never be forgotten. God will make the innocent blood of the Syrian people a shame and pestilence upon those who shed it and those who stood by and said nothing, as well as upon the individuals, organizations, nations, and institutions which have allied themselves with the corrupt regime.

Every day brings news of dozens or even hundreds of new deaths, and the number of those who are maimed is many times higher. Families are being driven into exile, atrocities are being committed, and a violent security crackdown is being systematically pursued, even in the face of clear and absolute worldwide condemnation.

The undersigned invoke the principle, enshrined in the Qur’an and in Prophet Muhammad’s teachings: that all human life is inviolable and sacred, as are all the human rights that Islam upholds and protects. Indeed, the Qur’an links the sin of bloodshed with no less than the worship of other than God, when its says: “And those who do not worship other that God, nor kill a soul in other than the dispensation of justice, nor commit adultery…”

The Qur’an also warns us that the murderer is deserving of God’s wrath, His curse, and eternal damnation. God has decreed that someone who kills any human being, except in the dispensation of justice as a punishment for murder or in confronting those who spread violent mischief in the land, it is as if that person has killed all of humankind. Likewise, someone who saves the life of any human being, it is as if that person has saved all of humanity. On this basis, we issue the following resolutions:

1. Members of the Syrian military, security forces, and other armed bodies, are forbidden to kill any member of the public, or to fire in their direction. Moreover, it is incumbent upon them to disobey any order that is directed at the public, or that will result in killing members of the public. Moreover, it is their duty to stop serving in those bodies and to cease all involvement. Those who have already killed members of the public should bear in mind that the crime of killing two people is double that of killing one. The door to repentance is always open. They should recall the story of the murderer who repented to God after killing 99 people, take heart, and refrain from committing further bloodshed. They should not let their past offenses make them despair of God’s forgiveness. It is better to be killed for refusing than to be a killer. Someone who dies an innocent martyr is better than someone who kills others and as a consequence goes to Hell.

We declare that it is forbidden to continue serving in any position with Syria’s military or security forces under the present circumstances. It is their duty to disengage from those bodies and furthermore, to stand against them.

2. We call people to support the Free Syrian Army in defending Syria’s civilians, population centers, and institutions, as long as the Syrian public is being targeted by the regime. We call upon the Muslims and upon the free world to assist the Free Syrian Army in every possible way, whether materially or morally, in order for it to mobilize itself for the role of preventing atrocities. It is, in turn, the duty of the Free Army to exercise control, avoid any deviation from this noble purpose, and refrain from acts of vengeance or aggression against the innocent. Any ignoble act on their part will only endanger Syria’s future national unity.

3. It is necessary to support the Syrian resistance, materially and morally, with what they need to keep up the struggle and win the freedom and human rights of the Syrian people.

4. We call upon all Arab and Muslim nations to take a firm diplomatic stance against the Syrian regime by expelling its ambassadors and cutting off diplomatic ties. We also call upon them to take a firm diplomatic stance against the nations supporting the regime, particularly Russia and China.

We likewise call upon all Muslim people and public institutions to send messages of protest to those two countries, protest in front of their embassies throughout the world, and boycott their products. They should demand that those countries stop using the blood of innocent Syrians as a means to protect their military and economic presence in the region. Those countries should know that the future of the region, sooner or later, rests with its people. Those who gamble on supporting a regime’s despotic crackdown killing its own citizens are surely making a losing wager.

5. We call upon the Syrian resistance, the Transitional National Assembly, and all other organized bodies to join ranks and set aside their differences – now and in the future. They should resolve with full sincerity to build their future nation on the basis of justice, human rights, and freedom, and to establish their country upon institutions that will ensure its unity and its people’s welfare. It is their duty to protect the rights of Syria’s religious and ethnic minorities. These minorities have been an integral part of the Syrian people for over a thousand years. They, like everyone else, enjoy full rights of citizenship. The present regime alone bears responsibility for the atrocities being committed.

6. We call upon the sincere forces in the Muslim world to organize grassroots efforts everywhere in support of the Syrian people’s resistance, and to provide aid for the refugees and those whom the conflict has displaced to places like Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. These people have a pressing need for food, clothing, medicine, and moral support.

7. We give our support to every effort being made to safeguard the lives and unity of the Syrian people, and to save them from a protracted war that will only bring ruin to the country. We consider this to be in keeping with the main purposes of Islam’s teachings. These efforts should lead to free elections that will express the will of the people, represent the full spectrum of Syrian society, protect their rights, and ensure a sensible distribution of political power, as well as compensate the victims of the present conflict and the families of those who have lost their lives.

We ask God to hasten the relief of the beloved Syrian people, preserve their unity, and bring them together upon truth and justice. We ask Him to restore to them their security and stability under a just government that is truly committed to upholding their inalienable rights and freedoms, one that will never seek to dominate the people or succumb to corruption. May all their affairs ultimately fall to those who are upright.


Sheikh Yusuf al-Qaradawi (Qatar)
Mufti of Egypt, Dr. Ali al-Gomaa
Sheikh Abdullah Bin Bayyih (Mauritania)
Sheikh Rashid al-Ghanoushi (Tunisia)
Sheikh Sadiq al-Gharyani (Libya)
Sheikh Abdulmajid al-Zindani (Yemen)
Sheikh Mahmud al-Meerah (Syria)
Dr. Isam al-Bashir (Sudan)
Sheikh Khalid al-Madhkur (Kuwait)
Sheikh Nasr Farid Wasil (Egypt)
Dr. Abdulwahhab al-Daylami (Yemen)
Sheikh Ali Qurrah Daghi (Qatar)
Dr. Nasir b. Sulayman al-Umar (Saudi Arabia)
Dr. Muhammad Faruq al-Batal (Syria)
Sheikh Muhammad Izzuddin Tawfiq (Morocco)
Sheikh Ahmad al-Raisouni (Morocco)
Dr. Sa`ud al-Funaysan (Saudi Arabia)
Dr. Ajil al-Nashmi (Kuwait)
Dr. Muhammad Ahmad al-Salih (Saudi Arabia)
Dr. Muhammad Uthman Salih (Sudan)
Dr. Hibr Yusuf (Sudan)
Dr. Ghaith Mahmoud al-Fakhiri (Libya)
Dr. Abdullatif al-Mahmud (Bahrain)
Dr. Muhammad al-Hiwari (Germany)
Dr. Safwat Higazi (Egypt)
Dr. Abdurrahman Abdulmajid al-Barr (Egypt)
Sheikh Muhammad Mukhtar al-Mahdi (Egypt)
Sheikh Muhammad Hisan (Egypt)
Sheikh Abu Ishaq al-Huwaini (Egypt)
Sheikh Majd Ahmad Makki (Syria)
Dr. Shakir Deeb Fayyad (Jordan)
Dr. Sharaf al-Qudat (Jordan)
Dr. Ali al-Suwa (Jordan)
Dr. Muhammad Ali al-Jouzou (Lebanon)
Sheikh Ahmad al-Umari (Lebanon)
Sheikh Hasan Qatirji (Lebanon)
Sheikh Hamza Abou Faris (Libya)
Dr. Tariq al-Suwaidan (Kuwait)
Dr. Khalid al-Ujaimi (Saudi Arabia)
Dr. Awad al-Qarni (Saudi Arabia)
Dr. Ali Badahdah (Saudi Arabia)
Dr. Abdullah Wukayyil al-Sheikh (Saudi Arabia)
Dr. Abdulmajid al-Najjar (Tunisia)
Dr. Salman b. Fahad al-Oadah (Saudi Arabia)
Dr. Sa`id b. Nasir al-Ghamidi (Saudi Arabia)
Dr. Muhammad b. Musa al-Sharif (Saudi Arabia)
Dr. Muhsin al-Awaji (Saudi Arabia)
Dr. Yusuf al-Shabili (Saudi Arabia)
Dr Yahya Ibrahim al-Yahya (Saudi Arabia)
Dr. Abulaziz b. Fowzan al-Fowzan (Saudi Arabia)
Dr. Salih al-Darwish (Saudi Arabia)
Dr. Muhammad Ali al-Mansuri (UAE)
Dr. Abdulmajid al-Kumaiti al-Shamisi (UAE)
Dr. Muhammad Abdurrazzaq al-Siddiq (UAE)
Dr. Ahmad Salih al-Hammadi (UAE)
Dr. Jasim YaSin al-Muhalhal (Kuwait)
Dr. Nabil al-Iwadi (Kuwait)
Dr. Shafi al-Ajami (Kuwait)
Dr. Nayif al-Ajami (Kuwait)
Dr. Yusuf al-Sanad (Kuwait)
Dr. Badar al-Rukhayyis (Kuwait)
Dr. Salim al-Shamri (Kuwait)
Dr. Tariq al-Tawari (Kuwait)
Dr. Abdulhayy Yusuf (Sudan)
Dr. Ali al-Sallabi (Libya)
Dr. Salim al-Sheikhi (Libya)
Dr. Salim Jabir (Libya)
Dr. Salim al-Sallabi (Libya)
Dr. Muhammad Abou Sidra (Libya)
Dr. Nasir al-Umrani (Libya)
Dr. Muhammad al-Hamdaoui (Morocco)
Dr Abdullah al-Bukhari (Morocco)
Dr. Abdulmunim al-Tamsamani (Morocco)
Dr. Muhammad Boulauz (Morocco)
Dr. Mawali Umar ben Hammad (Morocco)
Sheikh Abdullah Ould Aul Salim (Mauritania)
Sheikh Muhamad Fadil Wald Muhamad Elamin (Mauritania)
Sheikh Mumamad Mukhtar Wald Ambala (Mauritania)
Sheikh Muhammad Hasan Al-Dadou (Mauritania)
Sheikh Muhammad al-Ahmari (Qatar)
Dr. Salih Yahya Sawab (Yemen)
Dr. Salih Abdullah al-Dibyani (Yemen)
Dr. Adil al-Muawidah (Bahrain)
Dr. Adnan al-Qattan (Bahrain)
Dr. Mamun Mubayyid (Germany)
Dr, Hisan al-Safadi (Germany)
Dr. Moatazz Faisal (Germany)
Dr. Ahmad Muhammad Zayed (Egypt)
Dr Samir al-Arqi (Egypt)
Dr. Ali al-Dinari (Egypt)
Dr. Abdullah Husein Barakat (Egypt)
Sheikh Abdulkhaliq Hasan al-Sharif (Egypt)
Dr. Jamal Abdussattar Muhammad (Egypt)
Sheikh Ahmad Halil (Egypt)
Dr. Jabir Tayia Yusuf (Egypt)
Dr. Salahuddin Sultan (Egypt)
Dr. Nashat Ahmad Muhammad (Egypt)
Dr. Ayman Salah Ahmad Muhammad (Egypt)
Dr. Muhammad Yanbu (Egypt)
Al-Sayyed Jamil Muhammad (Egypt)
Dr. Ibrahim Mustafa Abu al-Saud (Egypt)
Dr. Faraj Abdulhalim Qandil (Egypt)
Dr. Al-Husseini Musalli al-Sayyed (Egypt)
Al-Sayyed Mahmud Abdurrahman (Egypt)
Dr. Yasir Fatah Antar (Egypt)
Dr. Ghazi al-Tawbah (Kuwait)
Sheikh Sulayman Ibrahim al-Rashudi esq. (Saudi Arabia)