Sheikh Khâlid al-Sayf, professor at al-Imâm University
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“And if they behold a miracle, they turn away and say: transient magic.” [Sûrah al-Qamar: 2]

Allah manifested numerous miracles at the hands of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). They were signs to show a truth-seeker the veracity of his message. There are numerous miracles; however, I would only mention a few of the most prominent ones.

1. The Qur’ân

This is the greatest miracle, for it addresses the hearts and minds. It is also the most enduring, since it will remain until the day of Judgment, without change or alteration.

Allah says: “Surely those who disbelieve in the reminder when it comes to them (are not hidden from Us). And most surely it is a mighty Book: Falsehood shall not come to it from before it nor from behind it; a revelation from the Wise, the Praised One”. [Sûrah Fussilat: 41-42]

Allah has challenged humanity to come with even a chapter like the Qur’ân. Allah says: “Say (O Muhammad) if humankind and the Jinn were to come together to produce something like this Qur’ân, they would not be able to do so, even if they were to help one another.”

Allah says: “Or they say: ‘He has forged it.’ Say: ‘Then bring ten forged chapters like it and call whoever you can besides Allah if you are truthful.’ If then they do not answer you, know that it is sent down with the Knowledge of Allah, besides Whom there is no other God. Will you then be Muslims?”

Allah says: “And if you are in doubt concerning that which We have sent down to Our servant, then produce a chapter like it and call your witnesses besides Allah if you be truthful. If you do not do so – and you will never do so – then fear a fire whose fuel is men and stones prepared for the disbelievers.”

No one has ever been able to write something in the style of the Qur’ân that even remotely approaches its beauty or literary value.

2. The splitting of the Moon

This is also one of the greatest of the Prophet’s miracles. The people of Mecca had asked the Prophet (peace be upon him) to show them a remarkable sign. He showed them the Moon split in two. Allah says: “The hour has drawn nigh and the moon did rend asunder. And if they behold a miracle, they turn away and say: transient magic.” [Sûrah al-Qamar: 1-2].

Anas b. Mâlik relates: “The people of Mecca asked the Prophet to show them a sign. He showed then the splitting of the Moon, twice.” [Sahîh Muslim (2802)]

In another narration through `Abd Allah b. Mas`ûd, says: “While we were with the Prophet (peace be upon him) in Minâ, the Moon cleft asunder. One part was behind the mountain and the other before it. The Prophet (peace be upon him) at that time said: “Bear witness!” [Sahîh Muslim: 2800]

The cleaving of the Moon in two was seen all around the Arabian Peninsula. The disbelievers among the people of Mecca thought that the Prophet (peace be upon him) had conjured up some magic against them. To ascertain if this was the case, they decided to ask travelers from other localities what they had seen. They knew that it would not have been possible for Muhammad (peace be upon him) to enchant all the people of Arabia. However, when they enquired with various delegations from outside of Mecca, it turned out that they had all witnessed the splitting of the Moon.

3. The increase of food

This miracle took place on several occasions.

One instance, narrated by Jâbir, took place during the Battle of the Trench. Jâbir relates [Sahîh al-Bukhârî (4102) and Sahîh Muslim (2039)]:

While the trench was being dug, I saw the Prophet (peace be upon him) in a state of severe hunger. So I returned to my wife and asked: “Have you got anything (to eat), for I have seen Allah’s Messenger in a state of severe hunger.”

She brought out for me a bag containing about four double-handfuls of barley. We also had a goat which I slaughtered. My wife ground the barley into flour and finished doing so about the time I finished slaughtering the goat. Then I cut the meat into pieces and put it in an earthenware cooking pot, and (while it was cooking), I made to return to Allah’s Messenger.

My wife said: “Do not disgrace me in front of Allah’s Messenger and those who are with him.”

So I went to him and said to him secretly: “O Messenger of Allah! I have slaughtered a small goat of ours, and we have ground up four double-handfuls of barley which we had with us. So please come, you and another person along with you.”

The Prophet raised his voice and said: “O people of trench! Jâbir has prepared a meal, so let us go.” Allah’s Messenger then turned to me and said: “Do not take down your earthenware meat pot (from the cooking fire), and do not bake your dough until I arrive.”

So I returned home, followed by Allah’s Messenger at the head of the people. When I came to my wife, she exclaimed at me harshly.

I said to her: “I did what you wanted.” Then she brought the dough out to the Prophet, and he blew into it and invoked Allah’s blessings on it. Then he proceeded towards our earthenware meat-pot and blew into it and invoked Allah’s blessings on it. Then he said (to my wife): “Summon a woman who is a baker to bake it along with you and keep on ladling out servings from your earthenware pot, and do not take it down from its cooking fire.”

They were one-thousand (who took their meals), and I swear by Allah they all ate, and when they left the food and went away, our earthenware pot was still bubbling (full of meat) as if it had not decreased at all, and our dough was still being baked as if nothing had been taken from it.

The miracle of increasing food took place on numerous occasions. However this hadîth is sufficient as an example.

4. Water coming forth from his fingers

This miracle also took place several times when there was a shortage of water.

For instance, Anas b. Mâlik relates that Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) and his Companions were at a place in the market of Madînah known as al-Zawrâ’. The Prophet (peace be upon him) called for a vessel containing water. He dipped his hand in it, and thereafter water began to spout between his fingers, and all the Companions were able to performed their ablutions with it.

When Abû Hamzah, the uncle of Anas, was asked how many people there were, he answered that there were about three hundred. [Sahîh al-Bukhârî (3572) and Sahîh Muslim (2279)]

5. Curing the sick

This also took place on numerous occasions. In one instance, `Abd Allah b. `Atîk broke his leg. He came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) who rubbed over it so it became as it had never been broken. [Sahîh al-Bukhârî (3813)]

Also, there is the instance where `Ali b. Abî tâlib suffered from an eye ailment. He went to the Prophet (peace be upon him), who blew into his eyes. `Alî recovered as if he had never suffered.

6. Informing about matters of the Unseen

Examples of this are quite numerous thing took place several times. For instance, the Prophet (peace be upon him) informed the Muslims in Madînah of the death of three Muslim generals in the distant Battle of Mu’tah as soon as their deaths took place. He also informed them that Khâlid b. al-Walîd then took command of the Muslim army. [Sahîh al-Bukhârî (1189)]

The Prophet (peace be upon him) informed the Muslims about the death of the King of Ethiopia on the day that he died. [Sahîh Muslim (95)]

He also foretold to the Muslim about the loations where various members of Quraysh would fall during the Battle of Badr. He said: “This is the place where so and so will be killed.” He placed his hand on the earth (saying) here and here. None of them fell except in the precise place that the Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) had indicated with his hand. [Sahîh Muslim (1779)]

These are but a few of the Prophet’s miracles that are narrated in the two authentic books of hadîth, Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim.

There were other miracles as well, like when the Prophet (peace be upon him) informed the people of Mecca of events he saw on the way to Jerusalem after he returned from his Night Journey. Also, in many instances, he was miraculously saved from his enemies.

These miracles were very well-known to those who witnessed them as well as to those who narrated these events from the eyewitnesses. The number of people who witnessed these miracles was far greater than the number who witnessed the miracles of Jesus (peace be upon him).