4 July 2010
France's most prominent Muslim leader has called for the number of mosques in the country to be doubled to 4,000, sparking
fresh debate on the secular status established in French law a century ago.
Dalil Boubakeur, rector of the Grande Mosque of Paris and formerly president of the French Council for Muslims, believes a
sharp increase in facilities for worship is necessary to give Europe's largest Muslim population a chance to pray in dignity
The Algerian-born cardiologist stressed the social benefits of easing the "pressure, frustration and the sense of injustice"
felt by many French Muslims.
"Open a mosque and you close a prison," said Dr Boubakeur. If this seems a colourful way of justifying a major programme of
mosque-building, he can point to a powerful ally: the president, Nicolas Sarkozy.
There is also public benefit to justify using public funds towards the building of mosques, in consideration of the criticism
that is often accompanied by anger at the closure of city streets –- in areas lacking proper facilities for worship –- for
France is estimated to have at least five million Muslims among a population of 63 million, and Islam is the most commonly
practised faith after Roman Catholicism.
France jealously guards the principle of separation of religion and state set down in the 1905 law. This legislation, the
bedrock of French secular society, expressly forbids the official recognition or state funding any faith.
Dr Boubakeur argues that secular principles represent a "safeguard against abuse" but should not prevent a fair response to
Islam's need to express itself.
He pointed out that the law had not prevented the Grand Mosque of Paris being built in 1922 with substantial financial state
aid given with parliament's blessing. The gesture was made in recognition of North African Muslims who fought and died for
France in the First World War.
Nabila Ramdani, a French writer and academic of Algerian background, believes it would be hypocritical to deny funding for
"Other faiths, including Christians and Jews, all infringe the 1905 law, as they receive funding from the state," she said.
"So there's no reason whatsoever why Muslims shouldn't enjoy the same kind of funding, even if the money is passed off as
cultural money. They should have the same opportunities as other faiths."
Dr Boubakeur said it was "not normal for our faithful to have to pray in the streets or in the gutter".
He acknowledged the unease caused in some areas when plans for new mosques included minarets. But while a minaret in the
French countryside may "stick out like the nose on a face", he had heard nothing but praise for the minaret of the Grand
Mosque of Paris.
"The French are no more racist and no less welcoming than any others," he said.
"There are no people in Europe more welcoming of Muslims. But because of extremists, people have a poor perception of these
French President Nicolas Sarkozy agrees with the policy of building more mosques.
In 2004, when he was the finance minister, Mr Sarkozy argued in a book entitled The Republic, Religions, Hope for an
updating of the law to meet modern challenges.
He said the provision of a mosque in every sizeable town would help counter the extremism fostered by self-styled, usually
untrained imams holding prayer meetings in tower block basements and garages.
Since becoming president, Mr Sarkozy has maintained his theme that "negative" secularism should make way for a positive
brand. In 2008, while visiting Riyadh, he hailed Islam as "one of the greatest and most beautiful civilisations the world has
For French groups such as Riposte Laïque (Secular Response), which fiercely defends the church-state separation, Mr Sarkozy
has defeated the spirit of the 1905 law by allowing it to be circumvented.
There are now various ways, from tax advantages to the leasing of land or property at extremely low rents, in which the
public purse can contribute to the cost of building mosques.
Riposte Laïque claims loopholes in the law mean a new mosque for Barbès-Rochechouart, a Muslim quarter on the fringe of
central Paris, will receive subsidies of up to €20 million (Dh90m) from taxpayers.
This is because authorities have the freedom to give direct aid to Muslim groups if the new buildings are designated, as in
Barbès-Rochechouart, as cultural centres or Islamic institutes, which qualify for funding even if they also contain prayer
This week, opponents of any dilution of secular law were dismayed when François Fillon became the first French prime minister
of the Fifth Republic (created in 1958), to officiate at the inauguration of a new mosque – a building for up to 2,500
worshippers at Argenteuil, on the outskirts of Paris.
Secular and anti-Islam lobby groups strongly criticised his presence.
Colin Randall, "France's top Muslim leader seeks doubling of country's mosques to 4,000" The National - UAE July 2,
Jean-Claude Galli, "Dalil Boubakeur : 'Il faut doubler le nombre de mosquées en France'" France-Soir